After enduring head trauma, arteries in your brain can burst and cause localized bleeding. As your brain bleeds, the blood kills brain cells and may cause a stroke. WebMD explains that brain hemorrhages can threaten your life or lead to long-term disability.
Most people under 50 endure bleeding in the brain only after a traumatic head injury.
What signs present themselves during a brain bleed?
Signs of bleeding on the brain depend on the severity of the bleed and the location of the bleed. You may feel the symptoms occur suddenly or become worse over time.
Any time you suffer a head injury, you should pay attention to the symptoms that occur with it. In most cases, having a doctor check in advance can help prevent severe injuries from manifesting or progressing. In the case of a brain bleed, you may experience severe headaches, seizures, changes in your vision, lethargy, nausea, tingling and loss of your fine motor skills.
Many patients find themselves off-balance and lacking coordination. It may become more difficult for you to read, write or understand speech.
How can doctors diagnose and treat bleeding?
Doctors have to use imaging tests to identify a bleed or check where the blood accumulates. They may use CT scans or MRIs to reveal internal bleeding. In addition, an eye exam or neurological exam may show swelling of the optic nerve.
To treat a brain bleed, physicians have various options, including surgery. Surgery may help reduce the swelling in the brain and prevent further bleeding. Additionally, corticosteroids and painkillers can reduce swelling, while anticonvulsants help seizures.